Geography Class 12 Important Questions Chapter 6 Secondary Activities is part of Geography Class 12 Important Questions. Delhi 2016 Answer: Divisions of secondary economic activity are quite varied and involve the production of diverse goods and services. The advanced stage of mechanisation is automation that refers to completion of tasks without aid to human thinking during the manufacturing process. Answer: Explain any four features of small scale manufacturing. The secondary market helps measure the economic condition of a country. 2. (Delhi 2012) The development of the iron and steel industry opened the doors to the rapid industrial development in India. (Delhi 2014) (All India 2012) the steel industry is basic to the industrial development of the country. Secondary markets are an important facet of the economy. NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. To help in removing conservatism and superstition through education and rational thinking. Robotics on the assembly line, Computer-Aided Design (CAD) and manufacturing, electronic controls of smelting and refining processes and the constant development of new chemical and pharmaceutical products are notable examples of a high-tech industry. Manufacturing means to make by hand, however now it includes goods made by machines. The importance of secondary activities is that these activities add value to the natural resources by the transformation of raw materials into useful and valuable products. Two sub-sectors of the cotton textile industry are low handloom and power loom. Princeton University lists several, including aerospace and automobile manufacturing, along with the brewing, energy, textile, chemical and tobacco industries. Define manufacturing. Household industries are basically run by creative individuals or craftsmen who are assisted by their family members in their homes. 2. Explain the role of power and raw material in the location of heavy industries in India, HOTS; Delhi 2013 Areas having more population are big markets for manufactured goods, as compared to areas having less population. Give the meaning of the high-tech industry. There are automatic lacto factories feedback and closed loop computer control systems where machines are developed to think. STEM education in school is important to spark an interest in pursuing a STEM career in students. Definition 2: the tertiary sector is composed of the "soft" parts of the economy, that is, activities where people offer their knowledge and time to improve the productivity, performance, potential, and sustainability of the economy. Question 7. It requires vast capital so that machines with the latest technology can be used in manufacturing. If you have any query regarding Geography Class 12 Important Questions Chapter 6 Secondary Activities, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest. Question 22. Page 2: The Importance of Secondary Transition Planning Living more independently is a goal for many students as they make the transition from high school to post-school programs or environments. Name any two sub-sectors of the cotton textile industry in the world. The environment is unpleasant and full of pollution, waste disposals, etc. Joint Sector Industries that are jointly owned and managed by the private and government sector are called joint sector industries. The secondary market provides a benchmark for a fair valuation of a company. A child's reading skills are important to their success in school as they will allow them to access the breadth of the curriculum and improve their communication and language skills. (All India 2009, Delhi 2009) Classify industries of the world on the basis of ownership into three groups. Traditional large scale industrial regions are associated with the heavy industries like metal smelting, heavy engineering, chemical manufacturing and textile production. It differs from household industries and large scale industries by its production techniques and place. Cottage Manufacturing. Question 1. Government Policies Favourable government policies that promote industrialisation is also important in deciding the location of an industry. This is in the form of salable goods delivered to the consumer or in the production of materials used to strengthen infrastructure or business. Question 4. The three characteristics of household industries are as follows: Question 10. It is best understood as the application of intensive Research and Development (R & D) efforts leading to the manufacturing of products of an advanced scientific and engineering character. (HOTS; All India 2016) Apart from it, areas having a population with more purchasing power also have a big market. 1 Mark Questions Access to Market Market refers to the people for whom goods are manufactured. Thus, skilled manpower is increasing. Industries classified on the basis of metallic minerals are ferrous and non-ferrous industries. Iron and. State the main features of each group. Now, it has diffused to almost all over the world. Answer: 2. Prevention activities directed toward people who are living with HIV, with the intention of preventing transmission to those who are HIV negative. (Delhi 2010) Describe any five factors influencing industrial location in the world? Question 20. How do secondary activities add value to natural resources? According to Matt Rosenberg at About.com, this means that secondary activity is most prominently found in areas such as manufacturing, processing and … (Delhi 2013) A great deal of energy is required for secondary economic activity to feed factories, mills and plants. (All Indio 2010, 2008) In addition, reading can be a fun and imaginative time for children, which opens doors to all kinds of new worlds for them. Role of raw material is as follows: Question 23. Answer: Answer: Market affects the location of an industry. How are technological innovations an important aspect of modern manufacturing industries? The field is an important source for engineering job opportunities. 1. Mention any two major problems of the Ruhr industrial region. Answer: Extreme specialisation and division of labour is required, that can work efficiently on the machines. Classify industries into two groups on the basis of metallic minerals. These industries produce their products in small numbers and they do not require a large labour force. 4. Question 8. Answer: Answer: Manufacturing means to make by hand, however now it includes goods made by machines. Primary plant metabolites are involved in basic life functions; therefore, they are more or … In contrast, primary prevention focuses on people who are not HIV infected. Question 7. The secondary market is important for several reasons: 1. Answer: What is the household industry? OR 2. It is also characterised by crowded and low-quality poor houses. (Delhi 2013) Answer: Physical Education (PE) develops students’ competence and confidence to take part in a range of physical activities that become a central part of their lives, both in and out of school. Secondary HIV prevention is sometimes referred to as prevention with positives. Finished goods may be used for consumption in the same household or for sale in the local market. The secondary sector includes industries that produce some usable product or sectors involved in construction. Answer: The examples are as follows: Question 25. Industries using weight-losing raw materials are located in the regions where the raw material is located. Materials from the farms, forest products and resources of the sea can be put into greater use by secondary activities. What is the importance of secondary activities in the world? The ‘New Ruhr’ landscape has emerged as a result of more focus on the concentration of new industries like the huge Opel car assembly plant, new chemical plants, universities and out of town shopping centres. The four features of small scale manufacturing are as follows: On the basis of their size, industries are classified into the following: These industries provide employment in developing countries. Explain any three characteristics of modern large scale manufacturing in the world. Inherent manufacturing skill that is transferred from one generation to another can be seen in this type of industries. are as follows: It also requires specialised workers, advanced technology, assembly line mass production and huge capital. Following are the main functions of secondary groups: 1. Answer: In our diagram, the dotted lines show that each support, or secondary, activity can play a role in each primary activity. Answer: Three aspects in this regard are as under: Question 16. To reduce the transport cost, industries are located near a source of raw material. It takes the production of the primary activities and manufactures new end goods. American Journal of Health Promotion, 13(3),153-156. Linen, cotton, wool, silk fibers, among others, are used to manufacture the fabrics. Answer: Explain the significance of the iron and steel industry of India giving three points. The sequencing of the genomes of A. nidulans and other species of Aspergillus ( Galagan et al. A manufacturing unit is established near the market area. Tertiary Sector. Explain five factors that influence the industrial location in the world. Answer: Almost all sectors of the Indian Industry depends heavily on the iron and steel industry for their basic infrastructure. Classify industries into two groups on the basis of metallic minerals. Factors influencing the industrial location in the world are as follows: They motivate kids who love hands-on activities to remain interested in coming to school and learning. 3. It is essentially a process which involves transforming raw materials into finished goods for higher value for sale in local or distant markets. Definition 1: the tertiary economic activity or service sector encompasses the production of services instead of end goods that meet the needs of individuals. (Delhi 2013,2008) Question 2. The characteristics of foot loose industries. Importance of Co-Curricular Activities. Mainly concerned with profit. These industries are also called smokestack industries because they are the most polluting industries. These industries are neatly spaced, low, modern, dispersed, office plant lab buildings rather than massive assembly structures. Explain any three characteristics of organisational structure and stratification of modern large scale manufacturing industry, AH India 2012 2. A high-quality PE curriculum enables all students to enjoy and succeed in many kinds of physical activity. (Delhi 2011) ... Porter's Value Chain Secondary Activities . Question 13. Question 5. Tertiary Activities. Answer: It needs enormous energy and various raw materials. Characteristics of the High-tech Industry are: 1. One of the worst things the schools did was taking out the hands-on classes such as art, music, sewing, woodshop and auto mechanics. These manufacturing units have developed labour intensive techniques in order to provide employment to their population. Answer: According to Matt Rosenberg at About.com, this means that secondary activity is most prominently found in areas such as manufacturing, processing and construction. Additionally, they need large amounts of energy so that machines and factories can do their job. Answer: State any two characteristics of this industry. (Delhi 2014) It is essentially a process which involves transforming raw materials into finished goods for higher value for sale in local or distant markets. The four features of small scale manufacturing are as follows: Question 21. Among developed countries, it is an important source of well-paying jobs for the middle class to facilitate greater social mobility for successive generations on the economy. Factors influencing the industrial location in the world are as follows: Here we have given Geography Class 12 Important Questions Chapter 6 Secondary Activities. Mainly concerned with social welfare. These industries are affected by component parts and they are available at all places. 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Generally, the phytochemical constituents of plants fall into two categories based on their role in basic metabolic processes, namely primary and secondary metabolites. Technopolies is the term given to high-tech industries which are regionally concentrated, self-sustained and highly specialised, Explain any three characteristics of ‘foot loose industries. (Delhi 2012) (Delhi 2012) 2. They are usually located near coal fields. E.g., Silicon Valley near San Francisco. “Africa has immense natural resources and yet it is industrially the most backward continent.” Lack of which value leads to this backwardness in Africa. Question 15. The secondary sector is where resources are molded into tools and products for the economy and society to use. the importance of practical activities in school science: perspectives of independent school teachers in qatari schools ziad said1, heather friesen2, hiba al-ezzah1 These activities support the primary functions above. Iron ore cannot be used directly from the mines but after being converted into steel, it gets its value and can be used for making many valuable machines, tools, etc. A manufacturing unit is established near the market area. Answer: Importance of extracurricular activities in school life There is always an argument that extracurricular activities are not so much important in a child’s life. Explain the process of mechanisation in modern large scale manufacturing industry in three points. Apart from it, areas having a population with more purchasing power also have a big market. For example, both heavy and light industry are integral parts of secondary economic activity. Part time labour or artisan’s family members produce everyday goods in their homes with the help of simple tools. The rise or fall in share prices indicates a boom or recession cycle in an economy. Power All the Industries require energy as they are run by energy such as cotton textile and Iron and steel Industries. The main significance of the iron and steel industry are: Question 24. Sugar mills, pulp industries, copper smelting and pig iron industries are located near their raw material. Iron and steel provide a base for all other industries, so it is called a basic industry. It provides employment and raises local purchasing power. These processes are mechanised where the tasks are completed skilfully without any human aid. To help in bringing social awareness and social change. Complex machine technology is needed so that high quality goods are produced at less time. Delhi 2014 This … Changes in the industrial structure as the demand for coal declined, led to the decay of this region. Jute ropes, basket pickles, etc are its examples. Fungal secondary metabolites are a major source of medically important compounds, from antibiotics such as penicillin to the anti-cholesterol compound lovastatin. The conventional education curriculum, which was developed in the early 20th Century, has to pave the way to a new kind of education and learning. Most of the iron and steel industries are located near coal fields or near sources of iron ore. Monitoring activities. In order to completely understand tertiary activities, you must be familiar with primary and secondary activities as they are directly linked. Secondary activities involve manufacturing and construction. CEO Compensation and America's Growing Economic Divide. Access to Sources of Energy Industries using more power and energy are established near the source of energy, e.g. (Delhi 2011) According to Princeton University, economies work in stages. These industries form the parameters of development in developed countries. Usually, the secondary activities are divided into two sectors: light industry and heavy industry. Describe any three characteristics of household industries. The difference between large scale industries and small scale industries are as follows: Question 19. Define the term manufacturing. Plan New Activities Often, the key to revising curriculum is planning activities and projects that allow students to access different levels of knowledge and skills. Public Sector In this type, the ownership and management of an industry is in the hand of the state. To help in fulfilling various kinds of increasing human needs. Distinguish between small scale and large scale industries by stating three points of each. Explain any three aspects in this regard. Areas having more population are big markets for manufactured goods, as compared to areas having less population. Specialised and Skilled Labour The specialised and skilled labour is required in the modern manufacturing industries. Question 14. Lack of following values leads to the backwardness of Africa: Question 26. Through a massive series of independent yet interconnected trades, the secondary market steers the … However, teachers do not carry the whole burden of STEM education. That being the case, it is important to look at the role of what John Bowlby, a pioneer in attachment research, referred to as “secondary attachment figures,” e.g. Foot loose industries can be established at any place, because their location is not affected by any particular raw material, whether it is weight-losing or otherwise. Primary activities include extracting raw materials. For definition and characteristics of manufacturing industries, Define the term technopolies. For example, procurement supports operations with certain activities, but it also supports marketing and sales with other activities. 10 examples of secondary economic activities Rice, flour and cereals packed. Access to Transportation and Communication Industries are located in areas that have an efficient transport network to get the raw material from various regions and supply manufactured goods to market. Answer: Generally, this sector takes the product of the primary sector to manufacture products and that are usable for other businesses, for export or for sale. The vast and versatile pharmacological effects of medicinal plants are basically dependent on their phytochemical constituents. What are the traditional large scale industrial regions? It is a good indicator of a country’s economic condition. The raw material is taken from the local area and sold in the local market. 3. Secondary activities add value to natural resources by transforming raw materials into valuable products. Question 17. Question 6. It provides the raw material for other industries such as machine tools used for further production. But those groups, teams and organizations do more than keep kids off the streets. Secondary economic activity, also known as the secondary sector of an economy, is the portion of the economy that is concerned with receiving raw materials and transforming them into serviceable items, properties or other goods. NOAA Hurricane Forecast Maps Are Often Misinterpreted — Here's How to Read Them. ADVERTISEMENTS: 3. Road netw’ork plays an important role in their location. Answer: teachers, caregivers and therapists, and the ways these figures become essential in … Answer: The importance of secondary activities is that these activities add value to the natural resources by the transformation of raw materials into useful and valuable products. For e.g. Being a self-regulatory organization a secondary market can monitor the integrity of members, employees, listed firms, clients, and other related bodies/persons. How has the ‘New Ruhr’ landscape emerged? Its supply has to be ensured before the location of any Industry. Question 18. On the basis of ownership, the industries of the world can be classified in the following ways: Professional (white collar) workers make-up a large share of the total workforce and greatly outnumber the actual production (blue collar) workers. Currently, an estimated 20% of the labor force in the United States is involved in the secondary industry. In the 21st Century, the world is changing fast. The artisans use local raw material and sample tools to produce every day goods in their homes with the help of their family members or part time labour.” Explain the value which can be seen in these industry. Power provides the motive force for machines. High technology is the latest generation of manufacturing activities. A rise or drop in the stock market suggests a boom or recession in an economy. Market affects the location of an industry. Certain Industries like aluminum and synthetic nitrogen manufacturing industries tend to be located near sources of power. Use of Power Resources These industries widely use huge power to run heavy machines in the production process. This type of manufacturing uses local raw material, simple power driven machines and semi-skilled labour. It is simply known as high-tech industiy and it is the latest generation of manufacturing activities. Technological innovations through research and development strategies are an important aspect of modern manufacturing for quality control, eliminating waste and inefficiency and combating pollution. These industries emit less or no pollution. The two major problems are as follows: Question 3. Question 12. Many look forward to starting a new job, whereas others anticipate entering a college or university. These kinds of mechanised processing units have sprung up all over the world. 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